Gill, Massachusetts

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Gill is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, USA. The population was 1,363 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The campus of Northfield Mount Hermon School is located in the Mount Hermon section of the town.



Gill was first settled in 1776 and was officially incorporated in 1793. The town is named in honor of Moses Gill, a member of Massachusetts' Executive Council who became lieutenant governor in 1794 and acting governor in 1799 when Governor Increase Sumner died.[1]

The first town meeting was held December 18, 1793, with Moses Bascom as moderator. Elected officers were Moses Bascom Jr. as town clerk and treasurer, Moses Bascom, William Smalley and Noah Munn as selectmen and assessors and David Squires as constable.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.8 square miles (38.4 km²), of which, 14.0 square miles (36.2 km²) of it is land and 0.8 square miles (2.2 km²) of it (5.67%) is water.

Gill is located on the west bank of the Connecticut River, which flows along the town's eastern and southern edges. The river forms most of the town's boundary with Northfield, to the east, and separates the town from Erving, to the southeast, and Montague, to the south. Fall River, a small tributary, forms the boundary with Greenfield, to the southwest. Continuing clockwise, the town shares land boundaries with Bernardston in the northwest, and a portion of Northfield to the north.


As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,363 people, 537 households, and 373 families residing in the town. The population density was 97.5 people per square mile (37.6/km²). There were 560 housing units at an average density of 40.1/sq mi (15.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.43% White, 0.29% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

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