Gilmanton, New Hampshire

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Gilmanton is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 3,060 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 3,438.[1] Gilmanton includes the village of Gilmanton Iron Works.



Gilmanton was incorporated in 1727. First known as Gilmantown, the town was home to the Gilman family, originally settled at Exeter.[2] Twenty-four members of the Gilman family received land grants in the new town of Gilmanton. (Other families related to the Gilmans also received grants in the new town, including the Dudleys, the Leavitts, the Folsoms and the Coffins.)[3] At one time it was the second-largest town in the state, following Portsmouth. The original town was larger than it is now, with villages and parishes including Belmont, Gunstock Parish (Gilford), Hurricane, Tioga, Factory Village and Lakeport. A parish first called Averytown, the site of an unprofitable iron-mining enterprise, is still known as Gilmanton Iron Works. [4]

Iron Works bridge in 1910

"The Pines" in 1910

Crystal Lake in 1909


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 59.1 square miles (153 km2), of which 57.1 sq mi (148 km2) is land and 2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2) is water, comprising 3.30% of the town. The highest point in Gilmanton is Mount Mack, at 1,945 feet (593 m) above sea level, on the town line with Gilford. Crystal Lake is in the east, and Shellcamp Pond is in the west. Gilmanton lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.[5]

The town is served by state routes 106, 107 and 140.


As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 3,060 people, 1,165 households, and 900 families residing in the town. The population density was 53.6 people per square mile (20.7/km²). There were 1,848 housing units at an average density of 32.4/sq mi (12.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.59% White, 0.10% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.13% Asian, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.29% of the population.

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