Gladstone, Oregon

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Gladstone is a city located in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 11,438. The 2007 estimate is 12,200 residents.[3] Gladstone is a four-square-mile (10 kmĀ²) suburban community twelve miles (19 km) south of Portland at the confluence of the Clackamas and Willamette rivers. To the south, across the Clackamas River, is Oregon City, across the Willamette is West Linn, to the north is Milwaukie.

Contents

History

Clackamas Indians

There were several Indian groups living in the area that was to become Gladstone. Lewis and Clark did not visit the Gladstone-Oregon City region, but did have it described to them by the native people. Later explorers and traders brought diseases and epidemics that took a very heavy toll on the native population and the tribes dwindled to near extinction.

When Oregon City was founded and people began moving to the area, they petitioned their governments to remove the local aboriginals from the land, so that European settlers could have land to farm and live on. The government responded by rounding up the Indians and forcing them to leave their lands for a reservation. With the natives removed from the scene, the Gladstone area was ripe for settling. Today the only visible remains of the native presence is a large maple tree called "The Pow Wow Tree," which is listed as an Oregon Heritage Tree.[4]

Early homesteaders

The earliest homesteads in the area were donation land claims. The Casons and the Rinearsons were the first settlers to receive their donation land claims in Gladstone. Peter M. Rinearson and his family owned the land between Jennings Lodge and the Clackamas River, and between the Willamette River and Portland Avenue.[5] Fendal Cason, who came to Oregon in 1843, owned an area equal in size east of Portland Avenue. Cason went on to serve in the Oregon Territorial Legislature.[6]

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