Golden goal

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The golden goal is a method used in association football, ice hockey and field hockey to decide the winner of games in elimination matches which end in a draw after the end of regulation time. It is a type of sudden death. Golden goal rules allow the team that scores the first goal during extra time to be declared the winner. The game finishes when a golden goal is scored. Introduced formally in 1992, though with some history before that, the rule was abandoned from the majority of FIFA authorized games in 2004. The similar silver goal supplemented the golden goal between 2002 and 2004.

The golden goal is still used by at the FIFA Beach World Cup, in NCAA soccer games and by FIH sanctioned field hockey matches. A related concept is used in National Rugby League games. A similar golden goal rule is also used in all National Hockey League (NHL) overtime games (followed by a shootout if needed), however the term 'golden goal' is not used.

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Historical context

The first recorded use of the golden goal rule was during the final of the Cromwell Cup, the world's second ever football competition, at Bramall Lane, Sheffield in 1868, although the term golden goal was never used. The deciding goal was scored by the then newly formed team called The Wednesday, now known as Sheffield Wednesday.[1] The golden goal was introduced due to perceived failings of other means of resolving a draw (tie) in round robin or knock-out tournaments where a winner is required. In particular, extra time periods can be tense and unentertaining as sides are too tired and nervous to attack, preferring to defend and play for penalties; whilst penalty shootouts are often described as based upon luck, and non-representative of football. The Golden Goal's public origins can be traced to a letter published in the Times newspaper in London on 16 April 1992[citation needed], and FIFA introduced the golden goal rule in 1993. It was hoped that the golden goal would produce more attacking play during extra-time, and would reduce the number of penalty shootouts.

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