Government of Argentina

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The government of Argentina, functioning within the framework of a federal system, is a presidential representative democratic republic. The President of Argentina is both head of state and head of government. Executive power is exercised by the President. Legislative power is vested in both the Executive and the National Congress. The Judiciary is independent from the Executive and from the Legislature.

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Executive Branch

The current composition of the Executive Branch includes only the Head of State and Head of Government President of Argentina Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, formally given the power over the Administration to follow through with the interests of the Nation. The President is also the Commander in Chief of the Argentine Armed Forces.

The President and the Vice President are elected through universal suffrage by the nation considered as a whole. The Constitutional reform of 1994 introduced a two-round system by which the winning President-o receive either more than 45% of the overall valid votes, or at least 40% of it and a 10% lead over the runner-up. In any other case, the two leading tickets get to face a second round whose victor will be decided by a simple majority. This mechanism was not necessary in the 1995 election, when it could have first come into use, nor in the 1999 one, nor in the last Presidential election, occurred in 2007. However, it was instrumental in the selection of Néstor Kirchner in 2003.

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