Governor of Maryland

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The Governor of Maryland heads the executive branch of the government of Maryland, and he is the commander-in-chief of the state's National Guard units. The Governor is the highest-ranking official in the state, and he has a broad range of appointive powers in both the State and local governments, as specified by the Maryland Constitution. Because of the extent of these constitutional powers, the Governor of Maryland has been ranked as being among the most powerful Governors in the United States.[1] The current Governor is Martin O'Malley, a Democrat and a former Mayor of Baltimore who defeated the Republican incumbent Robert Ehrlich in the November 2006 elections.[2] Martin O'Malley won reelection in November 2010.

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Selection and qualifications

Like most state chief executives in the United States, the Governor of Maryland is elected by the citizens of Maryland to serve a four-year term. The Constitution of Maryland prohibits a Governor from serving more than two consecutive terms.[3] While this does leave the possibility for a Governor to run again for re-election after remaining out of office for least one term, no former Governor has yet run for a third term.[4] An eligible candidate for Governor must be at least 30 years old, and also a resident of and a registered voter in Maryland for the five years preceding the election.[3] If a candidate meets this minimum requirement, he must file his candidacy with the Maryland State Board of Elections, pay a filing fee, file a financial disclosure, and create a legal campaign financial body.[5] The Governor, like all state-wide officials in Maryland, is elected in the even-numbered years in which the election for President of the United States does not occur.[3]

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