Grayville, Illinois

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Grayville is a city in Edwards and White counties in Illinois. The population was 1,725 at the 2000 census. Grayville is the birthplace of naval hero James Meredith Helm.



Grayville is located at 38°15′33″N 87°59′48″W / 38.25917°N 87.99667°W / 38.25917; -87.99667 (38.259146, -87.996678).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (4.0 km²), of which, 1.5 square miles (3.9 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (2.61%) is water.


In Grayville, Illinois Route 130 meets Illinois Route 1, and Route 1 meets Interstate 64.

Grayville was built on the Wabash River and, while it is no longer on any major rail line, it formerly was home to a large rail bridge across the Wabash into Indiana, but sections of that bridge collapsed in January 2005 due to a major flood[2] of the Wabash River.

In late 2005, an ethanol plant was proposed for the Grayville area, and the construction of the plant would have included rebuilding the bridge and rail lines leading to it on both the Indiana and Illinois sides of the river, but as of July 2009, neither the plant nor the bridge have been built.[3][4]

The largest bridge to Indiana south of Lawrenceville, and the only Interstate link between Illinois and Indiana south of Terre Haute, the I-64 river crossing runs parallel to the collapsed rail bridge, just a few dozen yards upstream.


As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,725 people, 754 households, and 478 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,158.2 people per square mile (447.0/km²). There were 833 housing units at an average density of 559.3/sq mi (215.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.67% White, 0.12% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.23% of the population.

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