Great Barrier Reef

related topics
{island, water, area}
{specie, animal, plant}
{water, park, boat}
{company, market, business}
{area, community, home}
{work, book, publish}
{rate, high, increase}
{service, military, aircraft}
{system, computer, user}
{son, year, death}

The Great Barrier Reef is the world's largest reef system[1][2] composed of over 2,900 individual reefs[3] and 900 islands stretching for over 2,600 kilometres (1,600 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (133,000 sq mi).[4][5] The reef is located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland in north-east Australia.

The Great Barrier Reef can be seen from outer space and is the world's biggest single structure made by living organisms.[6] This reef structure is composed of and built by billions of tiny organisms, known as coral polyps.[7] This reef supports a wide diversity of life, and was selected as a World Heritage Site in 1981.[1][2] CNN labeled it one of the seven natural wonders of the world.[8] The Queensland National Trust named it a state icon of Queensland.[9]

A large part of the reef is protected by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, which helps to limit the impact of human use, such as fishing and tourism. Other environmental pressures on the reef and its ecosystem include runoff, climate change accompanied by mass coral bleaching, and cyclic population outbreaks of the crown-of-thorns starfish.

The Great Barrier Reef has long been known to and used by the Aboriginal Australian and Torres Strait Islander peoples, and is an important part of local groups' cultures and spirituality. The reef is a very popular destination for tourists, especially in the Whitsunday Islands and Cairns regions. Tourism is an important economic activity for the region, generating AU$ 1 billion per year.[10]


Full article ▸

related documents
Geography of Iran
Danube Delta
Geography of Alabama
Geography of Albania
Death Valley
Hawaii (island)
Geography of California
Red Sea
Geography of Moldova
Brisbane River
Sierra Nevada (U.S.)
Mount Ruapehu
Geography of Bangladesh
Zuiderzee Works
Lake District
Geography of Colombia
Hurricane Lili
Karst topography
Geography of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Crust (geology)
The Fens
Atlantic Ocean