Greenland, New Hampshire

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Greenland is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 3,208 at the 2000 census. The 2009 population was estimated to be 3,438.[1] It is drained by the Winnicut River, and bounded on the northwest by Great Bay.

Contents

History

One of the earliest settlements in the state, Greenland was a parish of Portsmouth (then called Strawbery Banke) operating in 1638. Captain Francis Champernowne moved from Strawbery Banke in 1640 and settled in the area of the present Portsmouth Country Club. He would call his farm "Greenland". His extensive landholdings included a farm which is now the town of Madbury, named for his ancestral home in Devon, England.

Residents requested and were granted a separate parish in 1706. In c. 1710, Captain Samuel Weeks constructed a substantial brick house, thought to be the oldest brick house in New Hampshire still standing. It survived the earthquake of 1755. Only the 18" thick beams that supported the structure were cracked during the quake. Greenland would incorporate in 1721.

Greenland annexed parts of Stratham in 1805 and 1847.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 13.3 square miles (34 km2), of which 10.5 sq mi (27 km2) is land and 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2) is water, comprising 21.07% of the town. The highest point in Greenland is Breakfast Hill, at 151 feet (46 m) above sea level), on the town's border with Rye. Greenland abuts Great Bay to the north and is primarily drained by the Winnicut River. Greenland lies fully within the Piscataqua River (Coastal) watershed.[2]

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 3,208 people, 1,204 households, and 892 families residing in the town. The population density was 305.9 people per square mile (118.1/km²). There were 1,244 housing units at an average density of 118.6/sq mi (45.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.79% White, 0.28% African American, 0.03% Native American, 1.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population.

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