Greenville, Missouri

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Greenville is a small, fourth-class city located on U.S. Highway 67 near the intersection with Route D and E in Wayne County, Missouri in the United States along the St. Francis River. As of the 2000 U.S. Census, the city's population was 451; a 2003 estimate, however, showed the population to be 444. Greenville was incorporated and founded as the county seat of Wayne County in 1819[3].

Contents

History

Greenville was named after Fort Greene Ville (now Greenville), Ohio, the site where General Anthony Wayne signed a treaty with the Native Americans after defeating them in the Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794. This was the final battle of the Northwest Indian War. Wayne County was named for this military hero and Greenville was named for the place he was most famous for. Incidentally, Fort Greene Ville, Ohio, was named after Nathaniel Greene, a friend of Wayne.

In 1826, Greenville flooded. On August 10, 1832, the first post office opened. Confederate Brigadier General William J. Hardee and officers Patrick Cleburne, Thomas C. Hindman, and Basil W. Duke along with about 800 men were stationed close to Greenville near the outset of the Civil War until they began to retreat to Randolph County, Arkansas on August 28, 1861. Greenville was incorporated as a village on February 23, 1893. Several years later in 1941, the village was relocated two miles to the north after the construction of Lake Wappapello.

Geography

Greenville is located on the edge of the Ozark Mountains situated in a hilly forested landscape. U.S. Route 67, which leads from Illinois in the north to the Gulf of Mexico in the south, runs directly through Greenville. The coordinates are 37°7′38″N 90°26′54″W / 37.12722°N 90.44833°W / 37.12722; -90.44833 (37.127302, -90.448471)[4]. The next larger city with more shopping venues and a cinema is Poplar Bluff, which lies ca. 30 miles south of Greenville via Route 67. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.7 km²), all of it land.

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