Groningen (city)

related topics
{city, large, area}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{island, water, area}
{school, student, university}
{country, population, people}
{day, year, event}
{government, party, election}
{city, population, household}
{food, make, wine}
{church, century, christian}
{war, force, army}
{film, series, show}

Groningen (Gronings: Grunnen, West Frisian: Grins) is the capital city and municipality of the province of Groningen in the Netherlands. With a population of around 188,000, it is by far the largest city in the north of the Netherlands. Groningen is a university city, inhabited on average by about 50,000 students.

Contents

History

The city was founded on the northernmost point of the Hondsrug area. The oldest document referring to Groningen's existence dates from 1040. However, the city already existed long before then: the oldest archaeological traces found are believed to stem from the years 3950 BC–3720 BC, although the first major settlement in Groningen has been traced back to the 3rd century AD.

In the 13th century, when Groningen was an important trade centre, its inhabitants built a city wall to underline its authority. The city had a strong influence on the surrounding lands and made its dialect a common tongue. The most influential period of the city was the end of the 15th century, when the nearby province of Friesland was administered from Groningen. During these years, the Martini Tower was built, which loomed over the city at (then) 127 metres tall, making it the highest building in Europe at the time. The city's independence came to an end when it chose to join forces with the Spanish during the Eighty Years' War in 1594. It later switched sides, joining the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands.

Full article ▸

related documents
Transport in Ireland
Bideford
Tomsk
Omdurman
Erith
St Albans
Zürich
Cambridge
Bayonne
Yokohama
Xiamen
Kigali
Kaohsiung
Varna
Ipswich
Doha
Port Talbot
London Borough of Havering
Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
Addis Ababa
Slough
Düsseldorf
Alcalá de Henares
Freiburg im Breisgau
Nantes
Northamptonshire
Traverse City, Michigan
Crayford
Sopot
Ludlow