Group A streptococcal infection

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The group A streptococcus bacterium (Streptococcus pyogenes, or GAS) is a form of β-hemolytic Streptococcus bacteria responsible for most cases of streptococcal illness. Other types (B, C, D, and G) may also cause infection. Several virulence factors contribute to the pathogenesis of GAS, such as M protein, hemolysins, and extracellular enzymes.

Contents

Types of infection

Infections are largely categorized by the location of infection:

(Note that some of these diseases can be caused by other infectious agents as well.)

Complications

Acute rheumatic fever

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