Grove Hill, Alabama

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Grove Hill is a town in Clarke County, Alabama, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 1,438.[1] It is the county seat of Clarke County and home of the Clarke County Museum.



The area that is now Grove Hill was originally inhabited by Creek and Choctaw Indians. The county seat of Clarke County was established at what later became Grove Hill in 1832 as the spot was most central to the rest of the county. Known variously as Smithville, then Macon, the name Grove Hill was selected around 1850 for the large grove of oak trees on the plateau. The town was officially incorporated and chartered in 1929.[2] In 1853, a yellow fever epidemic struck the town, killing many residents, almost wiping out the town.[3]

The Grove Hill area has numerous sites on the National Register of Historic Places including the Alston-Cobb House, Bush House, John A. Coate House, Cobb House, Dickinson House, Fort Sinquefield, and the Grove Hill Courthouse Square Historic District.[4]


Grove Hill is located at 31°42'22.093" North, 87°46'27.386" West (31.706137, -87.774274)[5].

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.0 square miles (12.9 km²), all of it land.[6]


As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 1,438 people, 582 households, and 387 families residing in the town.[1] The population density was 289.6 inhabitants per square mile (111.8 /km2). There were 684 housing units at an average density of 137.8 per square mile (53.2 /km2).[6] The racial makeup of the town was 61.96% White, 37.27% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.21% from other races, and 0.35% from two or more races. 0.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[1]

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