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Grudziądz [ˈɡrud​͡ʑɔnt​͡s] ( listen) (German: Graudenz, Latin: Graudensis) is a city in northern Poland on the Vistula River, with 96 042 inhabitants (2010). Situated in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship (since 1999), the city was previously in the Toruń Voivodeship (1975–1998).



In 1291, the town received Kulm law city rights from the monastic state of the Teutonic Knights. In 1440, the town joined the Prussian Confederation, and between 1466 and 1772, the city belonged to Polish province of Royal Prussia. Following the First Partition of Poland in 1772, the city (then called Graudenz) was annexed by the King Frederick II of Prussia and made part of the German Kingdom of Prussia. In 1871, during the unification of Germany, it became part of the Prussian-led German Empire. A light cruiser of the German Imperial Navy, built in 1912-1914, was named after the city.[citation needed]

After the construction of a railroad bridge across the Vistula in 1878, Graudenz became a rapidly growing industrialized city as well as a district centre in 1900. In the 1912 Reichstag elections, 21% of the votes were given to Polish candidates, while the National Liberal Party of Germany received 53% of all votes. On January 23, 1920, in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles, Grudziądz became part of the newly created Polish republic. At the time, 84% of the population of the town and 58% of the county were German.[citation needed]

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