Gulf of Aden

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The Gulf of Aden (Arabic: خليج عدن‎; transliterated: Khalīj 'Adan, Somali: Gacanka Cadmeed) is located in the Arabian Sea between Yemen, on the south coast of the Arabian Peninsula, and Somalia in the Horn of Africa. In the northwest, it connects with the Red Sea through the Bab-el-Mandeb strait, which is about 20 miles wide.

The waterway is part of the important Suez canal shipping route between the Mediterranean Sea and the Arabian Sea in the Indian Ocean with 21,000 ships crossing the gulf annually.[1] The gulf is known by the nickname "Pirate Alley" due to the large amount of pirate activity in the area.




The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Gulf of Aden as follows:[2]

On the Northwest. The Southern limit of the Red Sea [A line joining Husn Murad (12°40′N 43°30′E / 12.667°N 43.5°E / 12.667; 43.5) and Ras Siyan (12°29′N 43°20′E / 12.483°N 43.333°E / 12.483; 43.333)].

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