Hafizullah Amin

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Hafizullah Amin (Pashto: حفيظ الله امين) (August 1, 1929 – December 27, 1979) was the fourth President of Afghanistan during the period of the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.

Amin tried to broaden his internal base of support and to bring the interest of Pakistan and the United States in Afghan security. During the 104 days of his rule, except for one failed military rebellion, no major uprising took place. Amin also pursued the policy of Pashtunization of the country.[1]

On December 27, 1979, members of the Soviet KGB Alpha Group[citation needed] killed him and Babrak Karmal became President.


Early years

Hafizullah Amin was born to a Ghilzai Pashtun family in Paghman on August 1, 1929. He graduated from Kabul University and left for the United States for graduate studies at Columbia University.[2] He then returned to Afghanistan and became a teacher. Hafizullah Amin was also a student of former and highly respected Afghan Parliamentarian Haji Abdul Rasul.

He quickly joined the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA), becoming a prominent member of the Marxist Khalq (People) faction.

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