Haiti

related topics
{country, population, people}
{land, century, early}
{government, party, election}
{war, force, army}
{area, part, region}
{island, water, area}
{black, white, people}
{son, year, death}
{album, band, music}
{food, make, wine}
{day, year, event}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}
{village, small, smallsup}

Haiti (pronounced /ˈheɪti/ ( listen); French Haïti, pronounced: [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti, Haitian Creole pronunciation: [ajiti]), officially the Republic of Haiti (République d'Haïti ; Repiblik Ayiti) is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic. Ayiti (land of high mountains) was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the mountainous western side of the island. The country's highest point is Pic la Selle, at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft). The total area of Haiti is 27,750 square kilometres (10,714 sq mi) and its capital is Port-au-Prince. French and Haitian Creole are the official languages.

Haiti's regional, historical, and ethnolinguistic position is unique for several reasons. It was the first independent nation in Latin America and the first black-led republic in the world when it gained independence as part of a successful slave rebellion in 1804.[5] Despite having common cultural links with its Hispano-Caribbean neighbors, Haiti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas. It is one of only two independent nations in the Americas (along with Canada) that designate French as an official language; the other French-speaking areas are all overseas départements, or collectivités, of France.

Haiti is the poorest country in the Americas as per the Human Development Index. It has experienced political violence throughout its history. Most recently, in February 2004, an armed rebellion forced the resignation and exile of previous President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and a provisional government took control with security provided by the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH). Rene Preval, the current president, was elected in the Haitian general election, 2006.

Full article ▸

related documents
History of the Americas
History of South America
History of Macau
History of Mozambique
Banda Islands
The Bahamas
Ghana
Foreign relations of Armenia
Northern Sotho language
History of Slovenia
Senegal
North Africa
Samoa
Punjab region
Honduras
Cabinda Province
Slovakia
Vanuatu
Pan-Slavism
Libya
Demographics of Lithuania
Java
Demographics of Mauritius
Demographics of Spain
Demographics of Namibia
Tajikistan
Tunisia
Demographics of India
Demographics of Honduras
History of Albania