Hamilton County, New York

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Hamilton County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. It is named after Alexander Hamilton, the only member of the New York State delegation who signed the United States Constitution in 1787 and later the first United States Secretary of the Treasury. Its county seat is Lake Pleasant. It is one of only two counties that lie entirely within the Adirondack Park (Essex is the other). It is the least populous of New York's 62 counties and is also the most sparsely populated county in the eastern half of the United States, with a population density of just over 3 people/sq mi.



For the history of Hamilton County prior to 1816 see Montgomery County, New York

On 1816-04-12, Hamilton County was created by partitioning 1,800 square miles (4,700 km2) from Montgomery County,[1] but due to low population it remained unorganized and administered from Montgomery County, N.Y. until it was recognized as sufficiently organized for self-government on 1838-01-01.[2] The organization process was completed by Summer of 1847.[3]

On 1860-04-06, Fulton County was partitioned, with 10 square miles (26 km2) of land in Sacandaga Park transferred to Hamilton County.[4]

On 1915-05-24, land was swapped between Hamilton and Essex counties, with Hamilton ceding Fishing Brook Mountain for Indian Lake. Hamilton gained an additional 20 square miles (52 km2), whereas Essex County lost 30 square miles (78 km2). This left Hamilton with its present size of 1,830 square miles (4,700 km2)[5]

The former town of Gilman was dissolved in 1860. The original county seat was Sageville, now part of Lake Pleasant.

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