Hamilton Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey

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Hamilton Township is a township in Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the township population was 20,499. The Township of Hamilton was incorporated by the New Jersey Legislature on February 5, 1813.[8]

At 113 square miles (290 km2), Hamilton Township has the most land area of any municipality in the State of New Jersey. However, neighboring Galloway Township has the largest total area, with 114.8 square miles (297 km2) of land and water.[8]

Mays Landing (2000 population of 2,321), a census-designated place, located within Hamilton Township, has been the county seat of Atlantic County since 1837.[8]

Contents

History

Hamilton Township’s origins are directly tied to the Great Egg Harbor River and its tributaries which run through it. George May, after whom the village of Mays Landing was named, built a shipyard and trading post near Babcock Creek in 1756. By the mid 19th century that Mays Landing reached the height of its shipbuilding.

From 1830 to 1880, more than two hundred vessels were built along the Great Egg Harbor River with lumber from native forests and iron from Weymouth foundries. Half of them were produced at Mays Landing. But by the end of century, wood shipbuilding began to disappear due to the lack of suitable timber. Iron was then substituted for hull construction.

Hamilton was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 5, 1813, from portions of Egg Harbor Township and Weymouth Township, while the area was still part of Gloucester County. Hamilton became part of the newly-created Atlantic County in 1837. Portions of the township were taken to form Hammonton on March 5, 1866, and to form Buena Vista Township on March 5, 1867.[9]

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