Hampton Court Palace

related topics
{church, century, christian}
{build, building, house}
{@card@, make, design}
{film, series, show}
{day, year, event}
{son, year, death}
{line, north, south}
{work, book, publish}
{ship, engine, design}
{theory, work, human}
{city, large, area}
{service, military, aircraft}
{food, make, wine}
{mi², represent, 1st}

Hampton Court Palace is a royal palace in East Molesey, Greater London; it has not been inhabited by the British royal family since the 18th century. The palace is located 11.7 miles (18.8 km) south west of Charing Cross and upstream of Central London on the River Thames. It was originally built for Cardinal Wolsey, a favourite of King Henry VIII, circa 1514; in 1529, as Wolsey fell from favour, the palace was passed to the King, who enlarged it. It would serve as the location filmed for the 1966 film A Man for All Seasons, directed by Fred Zinnemann.

The following century, William III's massive rebuilding and expansion project intended to rival Versailles was begun.[1] Work halted in 1694, leaving the palace in two distinct contrasting architectural styles, domestic Tudor and Baroque. While the palace's styles are an accident of fate, a unity exists due to the use of pink bricks and a symmetrical, albeit vague, balancing of successive low wings.[2]

Today, the palace is open to the public, and is a major tourist attraction. It is cared for by an independent charity, Historic Royal Palaces which receives no funding from the Government or the Crown.[3]

The palace's Home Park is the site of the annual Hampton Court Palace Festival and Hampton Court Palace Flower Show. Along with St. James's Palace, it is one of only two surviving palaces out of the many owned by Henry VIII.



Tudor period

Thomas Wolsey, Archbishop of York, Chief Minister and favourite of King Henry VIII, took over the site of Hampton Court Palace in 1514.[4] It had previously been a property of the Order of St John of Jerusalem.[2] Over the following seven years, Wolsey spent lavishly to build the finest palace in England at Hampton Court, a figure of 200,000 gold crowns.[5] Wolsey rebuilt the existing manor house to form the nucleus of the present palace. Today, little of Wolsey's building work remains unchanged. The first courtyard, the Base Court,[6] (B on plan), was his creation, as was the second, inner gatehouse (C) which leads to the Clock Court (D) (Wolsey's seal remains visible over the entrance arch of the clock tower[7]) which contained his private rooms (O on plan).[4] The Base Court contained forty-four lodgings reserved for guests, while the second court (today, Clock Court) contained the very best rooms—the state apartments—reserved for the King and his family.[8] Henry VIII stayed in the state apartments as Wolsey's guest immediately after their completion in 1525.

Full article ▸

related documents
Palais Garnier
Wentworth Woodhouse
Eleanor cross
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Colditz Castle
Irish round tower
Mission Santa Barbara
Louis Sullivan
Kedleston Hall
Edam, Netherlands
Romsey Abbey
Chiswick House
Alnwick Castle
Loddon, Norfolk
Dublin Castle
Middleham Castle
Church of the Nativity
Château d'Amboise
Salisbury Cathedral
Astley Hall
Ekerö Municipality
Exeter Cathedral
Llandaff Cathedral
Piazza San Marco
Wooden Churches of Maramureş