Hardin County, Tennessee

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Hardin County is a county located in the U.S. State of Tennessee. As of 2000, the population was 25,578. The 2005 Census estimate placed the population at 25,930 [1]. The Hardin County seat is Savannah.[1] The county was named posthumously for Col. Joseph Hardin, a Revolutionary War soldier and a legislative representative for the Province of North Carolina and the Southwest Territory. The county was founded in November, 1819.[2] Hardin County was the site of the 1862 Battle of Shiloh during the Civil War.

Hardin County is located in central southern Tennessee (in the 'Middle District'). The county is divided into two nearly equal divisions by the Tennessee River, which enters about midway on the south side and passes out near the northeast corner, flowing northwards. The length of the county from north to south is about thirty miles, and its greatest width, from east to west, about twenty-one.[3]



The Hardin Expedition

Two parties of settlers (totaling 26) struck out of Knoxville, Tennessee in late spring of 1816 bound for the general area which would eventually become Savannah, Tennessee. The first party came by boat by way of the Tennessee River, landing in May at "the easteward curve of the Tennessee" at Cerro Gordo. The second, and larger, party had traversed overland and suffered from many delays. Upon the arrival of the second group, the parties finally rejoined at Johnson Creek, near present day Savannah.[4] It was now July, and the pioneers set about the laying down of the first permanent settlement by non-Native Americans in the area.[5]

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