Harran

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Harran is a village and district of Şanlıurfa Province in the southeast of Turkey, 24 miles (44 kilometers) southeast of the city of Şanlıurfa and near the Syrian border. The village's official name is Altınbaşak, whereas the district is named Harran.

A few kilometers from Altınbaşak are the archaeological remains of ancient Harran, a major commercial, cultural, and religious center first inhabited in the Early Bronze Age III (3rd millennium BC) period. It was known as Ḫarrānu in the Assyrian period; possibly as Ḥaran (חָרָן) in the Hebrew Bible; as Κάῤῥαι or Carrhae under the Roman Empire; as Hellenopolis (῾Ελληνὀπολις 'pagan city') in the Early Christian period; and as Ḥarrān (حرّان) in the Islamic period.[1][2]

One of Harran's specialties was the odoriferous gum derived from the stobrum tree.[3][4]

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