Harrison County, Indiana

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Harrison County is a county located in the far southern part of the U.S. state of Indiana along the Ohio River. It is divided into twelve townships, and the county seat is Corydon, the former capital of Indiana. The county is part of the larger Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census, the county's population was 34,325.

The county has a diverse economy with no sector employing more than 13% of the local workforce. Horseshoe Southern Indiana is the largest employer, followed by Tyson Foods and the Harrison County Hospital. Tourism also plays a significant role in the economy centered around the county's many historic sites. Government of the county is divided between several bodies including the boards of the county's three school districts, three elected commissioner who exercise legislative and executive powers, an elected county council that controls the county budget, a circuit and superior court, and township trustees who oversee government function in the townships.

Migratory groups of Native Americans inhabited the area for thousands of years, but the first permanent settlements in what would become Harrison County were created by American settlers in the years after the American Revolutionary War. The population grew rapidly during first decade of the nineteenth century. Corydon was officially platted in 1808 and became the capital of the Indiana Territory in 1813. Many of the state's important historic events occurred in the county, including the writing of Indiana's first constitution. Corydon remained the state capital until 1825, but in the years afterward remained an important hub for southern Indiana. In 1859 there was a major meteorite strike, then in 1863 the Battle of Corydon was fought, the only battle of the American Civil War to occur in Indiana.

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History

Humans first entered what would become Indiana near the end of the last ice age. The region around Harrison County was of particular value to the early humans because of the abundance of flint.[1] There is evidence of flint mining in local caves as early as 2000 BCE. The stone was used to produce crude tools. Passing migratory tribes frequented the area which was influenced by succeeding groups of peoples including the Hopewells and Mississippians. Permanent human settlements in the county began with the arrival of American settlers in the last decade of the eighteenth century.[1]

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