Hartford, Illinois

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Hartford is a village in Madison County, Illinois, near the mouth of the Missouri River. The population was 1,545 at the 2000 census. Lewis and Clark spent the winter of 1803-1804 here, near what has been designated the Lewis and Clark State Historic Site.

Hartford is the birthplace of actor Clint Walker, known for the television series Cheyenne and for the movies The Ten Commandments and The Dirty Dozen.



Hartford is located at 38°49′28″N 90°5′33″W / 38.82444°N 90.0925°W / 38.82444; -90.0925 (38.824498, -90.092509).[1]

The village is located approximately 15 miles north of downtown St. Louis, Missouri on the Mississippi River. The confluence of the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers is just south of the village limits while the confluence of the Illinois and Mississippi Rivers is approximately 35 miles upstream.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10.1 km²), of which, 3.9 square miles (10.1 km²) of it is land and 0.26% is water.

Underground Gas Plume

An estimated 4 million gallons of gasoline have seeped into the ground under Hartford.[2] The area has numerous refineries that have occupied the area for many years. The village recently (as of July 21, 2008) filed suit against numerous parties over the underground gas plume.

Chemetco, Inc

The former copper smelter, Chemetco, operated here for around 30 years ending in 2001. The corporation was found guilty of Clean Water Act offences after its sustained pollution of Long Lake, a tributary of the Mississippi River, over a ten year period. This only ended after the detection by EPA inspectors of a secret hazardous waste pipe in September 1996.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 1,545 people, 650 households, and 434 families residing in the village. The population density was 396.4 people per square mile (153.0/km²). There were 710 housing units at an average density of 182.1/sq mi (70.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.45% White, 0.13% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.

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