Hatuey

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Hatuey (died February 2, 1512) was a Taíno Cacique (chief) from the island of Hispaniola, who lived in the early sixteenth century. He has attained legendary status for leading a group of natives in a fight against the invading Spanish, and thus becoming the second fighter against colonialism in the New World after Anacaona. He is celebrated as "Cuba's First National Hero."[1]

Contents

History

In 1511, Diego Velázquez set out from Hispaniola to conquer the island of Caobana (Cuba). He was preceded, however, by Hatuey, who fled Hispaniola with a party of four hundred in canoes and warned the inhabitants of Caobana about what to expect from the Spaniards.[2]

Bartolomé de Las Casas later attributed the following speech to Hatuey. He showed the Taíno of Caobana a basket of gold and jewels, saying:

The people of Caobana could not believe Hatuey's message, and few joined him to fight. Hatuey resorted to guerrilla tactics against the Spaniards, and was able to confine them to their fort at Baracoa. Eventually the Spaniards succeeded in capturing him. On February 2, 1512[2], he was tied to a stake and burned alive at Yara[1].

Before he was burned, a priest asked him if he would accept Jesus and go to heaven. La Casas recalled the reaction of the chief:

Legacy

The town of Hatuey, located south of Sibanicú in the Camaguey province of Cuba, was named after the Taíno hero.

Hatuey also lives on in the name of a beer brewed by Bacardi USA Inc.[5] and one brand of a type of sugary, non-alcoholic malt beverage called malta.[6] [7]

References

See also

External links

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