Hays, Kansas

related topics
{city, population, household}
{utc_offset, utc_offset_dst, timezone}
{island, water, area}
{household, population, family}
{land, century, early}
{area, community, home}
{day, year, event}
{black, white, people}
{son, year, death}
{build, building, house}
{rate, high, increase}
{war, force, army}
{country, population, people}
{household, population, female}
{town, population, incorporate}
{service, military, aircraft}
{county, mile, population}

Hays is a city in and the county seat of Ellis County, Kansas, United States.[3] It is the largest city in northwestern Kansas and an economic and cultural center of the region.[4][5] Hays is also a college town, home to Fort Hays State University.[6] As of the 2000 United States Census, the city population was 20,013.[2]



In late 1866, anticipating the construction of the Kansas Pacific Railway as far west as Fort Hays, a party from St. Louis, Missouri led by one William Webb selected three sections of land for colonization near the fort.[7] In June 1867, to better serve the railroad, the U.S. Army relocated Fort Hays to a site near where the railroad was to cross Big Creek, a tributary of the Smoky Hill River. Seeing a business opportunity, Buffalo Bill Cody and railroad contractor William Rose founded the settlement of Rome, Kansas near the fort's new location. Within a month, the population of Rome grew to over 2,000. Webb, meanwhile, established the Big Creek Land Company and then surveyed and platted a town site, which he named Hays City after the fort, roughly one mile east of Rome. The railroad reached Hays City soon thereafter and constructed a depot there. The railroad's arrival, combined with a cholera epidemic that hit Rome in the late summer of 1867, drove Rome businesses and residents to relocate to Hays City. Within a year, Rome was completely abandoned.[8][9] As the western terminus of the railway, Hays City grew rapidly, serving as the supply point for territories to the west and southwest.[7][10]

Full article ▸

related documents
Kings Mountain, North Carolina
Alachua, Florida
Universal City, Texas
Avon Park, Florida
Dania Beach, Florida
Cooper City, Florida
Algona, Iowa
Deerfield Beach, Florida
Kannapolis, North Carolina
Florissant, Missouri
De Smet, South Dakota
War, West Virginia
Fountain City, Wisconsin
Winner, South Dakota
Arlington, South Dakota
Checotah, Oklahoma
Redfield, South Dakota
Brandon, South Dakota
Burlington, Washington
Lake Geneva, Wisconsin
Cloverdale, California
Woodhaven, Michigan
Concord, North Carolina
Liberty, Texas
Mission, South Dakota
Madison, South Dakota
Volga, South Dakota
Creve Coeur, Missouri
Babbitt, Minnesota
Richmond Heights, Missouri