Healdsburg, California

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Healdsburg is a city located in Sonoma County, California, USA. As of the 2000 United States Census, the city had a total population of 10,722.[3] Healdsburg is a commercial center for northern Sonoma County as well as being one of Northern California's wine capitals: three of the most important wine-producing regions (the Russian River, Dry Creek, and Alexander Valley AVAs) meet in Healdsburg.

Though the town was not founded during Mexican rule,[1] Healdsburg is centered on a 19th century plaza that provides an important focal point for tourists and locals alike.[5]



Early inhabitants of the local area included the Pomo people, who constructed villages in open areas along the Russian River.[6] European settlement commenced in the mid-19th century, with the first white settlement nearby established downstream along the Russian River near Graton in 1836.[7]

In 1857, Harmon Heald, an Ohio businessman who had been squatting on Rancho Sotoyome since 1850, purchased part of the rancho—giving the city its official founding date.[1] In 1867, Heald’s eponymous small town was incorporated.[6] Healdsburg is located within the former township of Mendocino. The San Francisco and North Pacific Railroad reached Healdsburg in 1872.[8]

Farming, especially orchards and truck farms, was common within the present city limits from at least the 1890s to 1940s.[9]

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