Henry Clay

related topics
{government, party, election}
{son, year, death}
{law, state, case}
{land, century, early}
{company, market, business}
{build, building, house}
{black, white, people}
{line, north, south}
{area, community, home}
{war, force, army}
{rate, high, increase}

Henry Clay, Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852), was a nineteenth-century American statesman and orator who represented Kentucky in both the Senate and the House of Representatives, where he served as Speaker. He also served as Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829.

He was a dominant figure in both the First and Second Party Systems. As a leading war hawk, he favored war with Britain and played a significant role in leading the nation to war in 1812.[1] He was the foremost proponent of the American System, fighting for an increase in tariffs to foster industry in the United States, the use of federal funding to build and maintain infrastructure, and a strong national bank. He opposed the annexation of Texas, fearing it would inject the slavery issue into politics. Clay also opposed the Mexican-American War and the "Manifest Destiny" policy of Democrats, which cost him votes in the close 1844 election. Dubbed the "Great Compromiser," he brokered important compromises during the Nullification Crisis and on the slavery issue, especially in 1820 and 1850, during which he was part of the "Great Triumvirate" or "Immortal Trio," along with his colleagues Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun. He was viewed as the primary representative of Western interests in this group, and was given the names "Henry of the West" and "The Western Star."[2] In 1957, a Senate committee chaired by Sen. John F. Kennedy named Clay as one of the five greatest Senators in U.S. history.[3] Abraham Lincoln, Whig leader in Illinois, was a great admirer of Clay, saying he was "my beau ideal of a great man." Lincoln wholeheartedly supported Clay's economic programs.[4]

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Cursus honorum
K. R. Narayanan
Willy Brandt
Lee Kuan Yew
Seán Lemass
Bob Hawke
Rajiv Gandhi
William Lyon Mackenzie King
Junichiro Koizumi
United States presidential election, 1872
Steve Bracks
Angela Merkel
Paul Keating
United States presidential election, 1972
Politics of Iran
Politics of Kyrgyzstan
Foreign relations of Fiji
Politics of Cambodia
Politics of Gibraltar
Seventeenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Politics of Norway
Government of Ireland Act 1920
Politics of Guatemala
Politics of India
Seanad Éireann
United States presidential election, 1856
List of premiers of Alberta
Democratic Progressive Party
Wilmot Proviso
Andrew Fisher