Henry County, Indiana

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Indiana county number 33

Henry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2000, the population was 48,508. The county seat is New Castle[1]. Henry County is regarded as the main inspiration for the setting of the novel Raintree County by Ross Lockridge, Jr..



Henry County was formed in 1822. It was named for Patriot Patrick Henry, governor of Virginia.


The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[2][3]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[2][3]

Court: The county maintains three courts. Superior Court I, Superior Court II and Circuit Court. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[3]

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