Henry Dunant

related topics
{son, year, death}
{work, book, publish}
{war, force, army}
{group, member, jewish}
{company, market, business}
{theory, work, human}
{land, century, early}
{government, party, election}
{law, state, case}
{film, series, show}
{city, population, household}
{school, student, university}
{church, century, christian}
{woman, child, man}
{day, year, event}
{album, band, music}

Jean Henri Dunant (May 8, 1828 – October 30, 1910), aka Henry Dunant, was a Swiss businessman and social activist. During a business trip in 1859, he was witness to the aftermath of the Battle of Solferino in modern day Italy. He recorded his memories and experiences in the book A Memory of Solferino which inspired the creation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in 1863. The 1864 Geneva Convention was based on Dunant's ideas. In 1901 he received the first Nobel Peace Prize together with Frédéric Passy.

Contents

Early life and education

Dunant was born in Geneva, Switzerland, the first son of businessman Jean-Jacques Dunant and Antoinette Dunant-Colladon. His family was devoutly Calvinist and had significant influence in Geneva society. His parents stressed the value of social work, and his father was active helping orphans and parolees, while his mother worked with the sick and poor.

Dunant grew up during the period of religious awakening known as the Réveil, and at age 18 he joined the Geneva Society for Alms giving. In the following year, together with friends, he founded the so-called "Thursday Association", a loose band of young men that met to study the Bible and help the poor, and he spent much of his free time engaged in prison visits and social work. On November 30, 1852, he founded the Geneva chapter of the YMCA and three years later he took part in the Paris meeting devoted to the founding of its international organization.

In 1849, at age 21, Dunant was forced to leave the Collège Calvin because of bad grades, and he began an apprenticeship with the money-changing firm Lullin et Sautter. After its successful conclusion, he remained as an employee of the bank.

Algeria

In 1853, Dunant visited Algeria, Tunisia, and Sicily, on assignment with a company devoted to the "colonies of Setif" (Compagnie genevoise des Colonies de Sétif). Despite little experience, he successfully fulfilled the assignment. Inspired by the trip, he wrote his first book with the title An Account of the Regency in Tunis (Notice sur la Régence de Tunis), published in 1858.

Full article ▸

related documents
Sylvia Plath
Hermann Hesse
Daniel Defoe
Évariste Galois
Walter Scott
Pliny the Younger
Herman Melville
Robert Southey
Llywelyn the Last
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor
Jean-Paul Marat
Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld
Siegfried Sassoon
Margaret of Anjou
Alfred Tennyson, 1st Baron Tennyson
William Bligh
Charles II of England
John Dryden
Isaac Bashevis Singer
Alfred Edward Housman
Wilfred Owen
Robert Baden-Powell, 1st Baron Baden-Powell
Marina Tsvetaeva
Harold Godwinson
Joan of Kent
Sons and Lovers
Charles Bukowski
Ferdinand VII of Spain
Alice Liddell
Andrew Marvell