Herning

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Herning is a Danish city in Region Midtjylland. It is the main town and the administrative seat of Herning Municipality. Herning has a population of 45,890 (1 January 2010)[1] including the suburbs of Tjørring, Snejbjerg, Lind, Birk, Hammerum, and Gjellerup, making Herning the twelfth most populous urban area in Denmark.

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History

Herning has been called "The Capital of the Heath" (hedens hovedstad) and with good reason — it was established at the beginning of the 1800s during the period of heath reclamation. This period of time resulted in a growing population, and a demand for products and services to the new farmers in the area. Herning came into existence as a center of commerce for the area.

Later on, Herning became known for the textile-weaving industry that developed in and around the town. This industry was once Herning's principal economic activity: today, the town enjoys a diversified industrial base.

Herning became a market town in 1913.

Herning has twice, in 1965 and 2003, been awarded the title of Danish City of the Year.

Attractions

Herning is home to Messecenter Herning, the largest exhibition centre in Scandinavia, which gives the town a reputation for its many trade fairs.

Carl-Henning Pedersen and Else Alfelt's Museum of Art (also known as Herning Art Museum) is one of the major attractions.

The city hosts 3 buildings recognizably designed by the architect Jørn Utzon. One is publicly owned and two are privately owned.

The town is also home to sculptor Ingvar Cronhammar's unique monumental work Elia. It is a black-painted, 60 m dome with four 10 m wide stairways inset into its surface at the Earth's cardinal points. These lead to an observation platform overlooking the surrounding heath, as well as to the sculpture's 30.000 cubic meter resonance chamber. Four steel columns rise to a height of 30m over the landscape; they are capped by red domes, lit from below and equipped to attract lightning. In the center of the sculpture, equidistant to the four columns, is a fifth column— a gas burner— about two meters below the viewing platform. The gas burner shoots a pillar of flame about one meter wide and 8.4m high up between the pillars at random intervals controlled by a computer. The sculpture is located in the town near the Herning Art Museum.

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