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Hesse (pronounced /ˈhɛs/) or Hessia (German: Hessen [ˈhɛsən], Hessisch: Hesse [ˈhɛzɛ]) is both a cultural region of Germany and the name of an individual German state.

  • The State of Hesse (German: Land Hessen, literally "Country of Hesse") has an area of 21,110 km2 (8,150 sq mi) and just over six million inhabitants. The state capital is Wiesbaden. Hesse's largest city is nearby Frankfurt am Main.
  • The cultural region of Hesse includes the State of Hesse and also the area known as Rhenish Hesse which is in the neighbouring Rhineland-Palatinate state. The major Hessian city of Mainz is in Rhenish Hesse.

Situated in west-central Germany, Hesse state borders the German states of (starting in the north and proceeding clockwise) Lower Saxony, Thuringia, Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg, Rhineland-Palatinate, and North Rhine-Westphalia.

Hesse state contributes the largest share to the Rhine Main Area. The locals speak a Rhine Franconian dialect known as Hessisch.


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