Higher criticism

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According to controversial New Testament scholar Bart Ehrman, of the 27 books of the New Testament, only 8 books are authentic (Romans, Galatians, 1 and 2 Corinthians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, Philemon and Revelation). The other 19 books are either misattributed writings, homonymous (same name) or pseudepigraphic (false name).[24]

Higher criticism of other religious texts

Both higher and lower forms of criticism are carried out today with the religious writings of many religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism.

Qur'an

Modern higher criticism is just beginning for the Qur'an. This scholarship questions some traditional claims about its composition and content, contending that the Qur'an incorporates material from both the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament; however, other scholars argue that it cites examples from previous texts, as the New Testament did to the Old Testament.

Islamic history records that Uthman collected all variants of the Qur'an and destroyed all copies except the first volume from which five reciters created a unique text.

See also

History of higher criticism

References

  • Gerald P. Fogarty, S.J. American Catholic Biblical Scholarship: A History from the Early Republic to Vatican II, Harper & Row, San Francisco, 1989, ISBN 0-06-062666-6. Nihil obstat by Raymond E. Brown, S.S., and Joseph A. Fitzmyer, S.J.

External links

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