Highwood, Illinois

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Highwood is a city in the Morraine Township of Lake County, Illinois, United States. The population was 4,143 at the 2000 census. Highwood is a neighbor to Highland Park and the two share a weekly newspaper and school district. An attempt was made in 2005 to convert Highwood to a home rule city, but this effort failed, limiting the town's abilities to raise funds and pass ordinances. Highwood achieved home rule status in 2007.

Contents

History

Highwood was founded in 1887 in conjunction with the establishment of Fort Sheridan. Throughout much of its history, it grew up around the Fort. Because of this, many of the town's businesses were taverns and bars to serve the Fort and the North Shore. It set the Guinness World Record for most bars per square mile and was called "the toughest town in America" by President Theodore Roosevelt. In 1905, the first of many Italian immigrants started arriving in the town, but since then the demographics have changed as more immigrants are of Latino descent. With the closing of the active duty portion of Fort Sheridan in 1993, the Town of Highwood doubled in size after annexing some of Fort Sheridan's old property. Currently a Navy housing development is underway in Fort Sheridan.

Geography

Highwood is located at 42°12′19″N 87°48′44″W / 42.205357°N 87.812345°W / 42.205357; -87.812345.[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km²), all of it land. There may be plans of having beach access for Highwood residents on the Ft. Sheridan lake front.

Schools

St. James School, a Catholic K-8 school. Public school students attend the North Shore School District 112. Oak Terrace School, grades K-5, are in Highwood. Northwood Junior High in Highland Park for 6th through 8th grade and Highland Park High School for 9th through 12th grade.[citation needed]

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 4,143 people, 1,555 households, and 933 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,552.1 people per square mile (2,539.1/km²). There were 1,604 housing units at an average density of 2,536.7/sq mi (983.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 43.14% White, 2.15% African American, 0.58% Native American, 2.12% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 17.19% from other races, and 4.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 38.23% of the population.

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