History of Bulgaria

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Part of a series on
History of Bulgaria

Karanovo culture · Vinča culture
Varna Necropolis · Thrace
Odrysian kingdom · Moesia

Bulgarian Empire Portal
Bulgars · South Slavs
Old Great Bulgaria
First Bulgarian Empire
Second Bulgarian Empire
Tsardom of Vidin · Principality of Karvuna

Early Ottoman Bulgaria
National Awakening
April Uprising
Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising

Principality of Bulgaria · Eastern Rumelia
Kingdom of Bulgaria
People's Republic of Bulgaria
Republic of Bulgaria

Coat of arms of Bulgaria.svg

Bulgaria Portal
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The history of Bulgaria as a separate country began in 681 AD.

In 632 the Bulgars, originally from Central Asia,[1] formed under the leadership of Kubrat an independent state that became known as Great Bulgaria. Its territory extended from the lower course of the Danube to the west, the Black Sea and the Azov Sea to the south, the Kuban River to the east, and the Donets River to the north.[2] Pressure from the Khazars led to the subjugation of Great Bulgaria in the second half of the 7th century. Kubrat’s successor, Asparukh, migrated with some of the Bulgar tribes to the lower courses of the rivers Danube, Dniester and Dniepr (known as Ongal), and conquered Moesia and Scythia Minor (Dobrudzha) from the Byzantine Empire, expanding his new kingdom further into the Balkan Peninsula.[3] A peace treaty with Byzantium in 681 and the establishment of the Bulgarian capital of Pliska south of the Danube mark the beginning of the First Bulgarian Empire. (At the same time one of Asparuh's brothers, Kuber, settled with another Bulgar group in present-day Macedonia.[4])

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