History of Haiti

related topics
{war, force, army}
{government, party, election}
{black, white, people}
{land, century, early}
{country, population, people}
{company, market, business}
{son, year, death}
{law, state, case}
{service, military, aircraft}
{island, water, area}
{line, north, south}
{god, call, give}
{disease, patient, cell}
{church, century, christian}
{village, small, smallsup}

The recorded history of Haiti began on December 5, 1492 when the European navigator Christopher Columbus happened upon a large island in the region of the western Atlantic Ocean that later came to be known as the Caribbean Sea. It was inhabited by the Taíno, an Arawakan people, who variously called their island Ayiti, Bohio, or Kiskeya. Columbus promptly claimed the island for the Spanish Crown, and renamed it La Isla Española ("the Spanish Island"), or Hispañola (later Anglicized as Hispaniola).


Spanish Hispaniola

Columbus established a small settlement, but, when he returned in 1493, the settlers had disappeared, presumably killed.

Following the arrival of Europeans, La Hispaniola's indigenous population suffered near-extinction, in possibly the worst case of depopulation in the Americas. A commonly accepted hypothesis attributes the high mortality of this colony in part to Old World diseases to which the natives had no immunity. Taínos were able to survive and set up villages elsewhere.

Spanish interest in Hispaniola began to wane in the 1520s, as more lucrative gold and silver deposits were found in Mexico and South America. Thereafter, the population of Spanish Hispaniola grew at a slow pace. Fearful of pirate attacks, the king of Spain in 1606 ordered all colonists on Hispaniola to move closer to the capital city, Santo Domingo. The decision backfired, as British, Dutch, and French pirates then established bases on the island's abandoned northern and western coasts.

Full article ▸

related documents
History of Nicaragua
Confederate States of America
History of Mexico
Michael Collins (Irish leader)
Menachem Begin
History of Colombia
American Revolution
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Mexican Revolution
Abraham Lincoln
Meiji period
History of Namibia
Ruhollah Khomeini
Tiananmen Square protests of 1989
History of the United States
Khmer Rouge
History of Portugal
History of Finland
History of modern Greece
Palestine Liberation Organization
Cultural Revolution
Georges Clemenceau
History of Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union (1917–1927)
Official Irish Republican Army
Muslim Brotherhood
Paris Commune
History of Algeria
History of Catalonia