History of Moldova

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Inhabited by Dacians in the antiquity and rebel Free Dacians after the collapse of the Roman Empire, the early Middle Ages hold most of today's Moldova as part of the Principality of Moldavia from its founding in 1359 until 1812, when it was annexed (under the name Bessarabia) by the Russian Empire following one of several Russian-Turkish wars. In 1918, Bessarabia briefly became independent as the Moldavian Democratic Republic and united with Romania. In 1940 it was annexed by the Soviet Union, and became the Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic until the dissolution of the USSR. In 1991 the country declarated independence as the Republic of Moldova.

The cultural heritage of the Principality of Moldavia stands at the core of the identity of Moldova.

Contents

Prehistory

During prehistoric times there was a succession of cultures that flourished in the land of present-day Moldova from the end of the Ice Age up through the Neolithic Age, the Copper Age, the Bronze Age, and the beginning of the Iron Age, when historical records begin to be made about the people who lived in these lands. These cultures included the Linear Pottery Culture (ca. 5500–4500 BC), the Yamna Culture (ca. 3600-2300 BC), and the Cucuteni-Trypillian Culture (ca. 5500-2750 BC). During this period of time many innovations and advancements were made, including the practice of agriculture, animal husbandry, kiln-fired pottery, weaving, and the formation of large settlements and towns. Indeed, during the Cucuteni-Trypillian Culture, some of the settlements in this area were larger than anywhere on Earth at the time, and they predate even the earliest towns of Sumer in the Mesopotamia. Far from being a neglected, "backwoods" region, the area stretching from the Dneiper River in the east to the Iron Gate of the Danube in the west (which included the land now in Moldova) had a civilization as highly-advanced as anywhere else on Earth during the Neolithic period.[1]

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