
related topics 
{math, number, function} 
{theory, work, human} 
{math, energy, light} 
{god, call, give} 
{work, book, publish} 
{land, century, early} 
{language, word, form} 
{country, population, people} 
{church, century, christian} 
{mi², represent, 1st} 
{@card@, make, design} 
{day, year, event} 
{school, student, university} 
{album, band, music} 

The area of study known as the history of mathematics is primarily an investigation into the origin of discoveries in mathematics and, to a lesser extent, an investigation into the mathematical methods and notation of the past.
Before the modern age and the worldwide spread of knowledge, written examples of new mathematical developments have come to light only in a few locales. The most ancient mathematical texts available are Plimpton 322 (Babylonian mathematics c. 1900 BC),^{[1]} the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus (Egyptian mathematics c. 20001800 BC)^{[2]} and the Moscow Mathematical Papyrus (Egyptian mathematics c. 1890 BC). All of these texts concern the socalled Pythagorean theorem, which seems to be the most ancient and widespread mathematical development after basic arithmetic and geometry.
The Greek and Hellenistic contribution greatly refined the methods (especially through the introduction of deductive reasoning and mathematical rigor in proofs) and expanded the subject matter of mathematics.^{[3]} The study of mathematics as a subject in its own right begins in the 6th century BC with the Pythagoreans, who coined the term "mathematics" from the ancient Greek μάθημα (mathema), meaning "subject of instruction".^{[4]} Chinese mathematics made early contributions, including a place value system.^{[5]}^{[6]} The HinduArabic numeral system and the rules for the use of its operations, in use throughout the world today, likely evolved over the course of the first millennium AD in India and was transmitted to the west via Islamic mathematics.^{[7]}^{[8]} Islamic mathematics, in turn, developed and expanded the mathematics known to these civilizations.^{[9]} Many Greek and Arabic texts on mathematics were then translated into Latin, which led to further development of mathematics in medieval Europe.
From ancient times through the Middle Ages, bursts of mathematical creativity were often followed by centuries of stagnation. Beginning in Renaissance Italy in the 16th century, new mathematical developments, interacting with new scientific discoveries, were made at an increasing pace that continues through the present day.
Contents
Full article ▸


related documents 
Mandelbrot set 
Distribution (mathematics) 
Binary search algorithm 
Bernoulli number 
Computer numbering formats 
Field (mathematics) 
Trigonometric functions 
Fibonacci number 
C++ 
Number 
Linked list 
Complex number 
Derivative 
Spinor 
Laplace transform 
Radix sort 
System of linear equations 
Singular value decomposition 
Quadratic reciprocity 
Prolog 
Natural deduction 
Relational model 
Forth (programming language) 
Combinatory logic 
Prime number 
Linear programming 
Turing machine 
Big O notation 
Surreal number 
Eiffel (programming language) 
