History of the European Union

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European Communities
(1958-2009)
European Coal and Steel Community
(1952-2002)
European Economic Community
(1958-1993)
European Atomic Energy Community
(1958-present)
European Community
(1993-2009)
Justice and Home Affairs
(1993-2003)
Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters
(2003-2009)
Common Foreign and Security Policy pillar
(1993-2009)

The European Union is a geo-political entity covering a large portion of the European continent. It is founded upon numerous treaties and has undergone expansions that have taken it from 6 member states to 27, a majority of states in Europe.

As distinct from ideas of federation, confederation or customs union the main development in Europe depends on a supranational foundation to make war unthinkable and materially impossible[1][2] and reinforce democracy[3] enunciated by Robert Schuman and other leaders in the Europe Declaration. The principle was at the heart of the European Coal and Steel Community in the Treaty of Paris (1951), following the "Schuman Declaration" and the later the Treaties of Rome establishing the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community. Both these bodies are now part of the European Union, which was formed under that name in 1993.

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