Hubei

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About this sound Hubei (Chinese: 湖北; pinyin: Húběi; Wade–Giles: Hu-pei; Postal map spelling: Hupeh) is a central province in China. Its abbreviation is "鄂" (pinyin: È), an ancient name associated with the eastern part of the province since the Qin dynasty. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Lake Dongting.[1] The province's capital is Wuhan.

Hubei borders Henan to the north, Anhui to the east, Jiangxi to the southeast, Hunan to the south, Chongqing to the west, and Shaanxi to the northwest. The high-profile Three Gorges Dam is located at Yichang, in western Hubei.

A popular unofficial name for Hubei is Chu (Chinese: ; pinyin: Chǔ), after the powerful state of Chu that existed here during the Eastern Zhou dynasty.

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