Hummus

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Hummus (a transliteration of the Arabic: حمّص‎; also spelled hamos, hommos, hommus, homos, houmous, hummos, hummous, or humus[1]) is a Levantine Arab[2] dip or spread made from cooked, mashed chickpeas, blended with tahini, olive oil, lemon juice, salt and garlic. It is a popular food throughout the Middle East and elsewhere.

Contents

Etymology

The word comes from Arabic: حمّصḥummuṣ[3] 'chickpeas'. Like many other Arabic loanwords and names, romanized spellings of the word in English can be inconsistent.[3] The earliest use of the word hummus in English as noted by the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) was in 1955.[4] Among the common spellings for this word as transliterated into English are hummus, hommos and hoummos. The spelling humus is generally avoided in English as it is a homonym of humus (organic matter in soil), though this is the usual Turkish spelling[3] and the OED indicates the word entered the English language from Turkish.[4] The full Arabic name of the prepared spread is حُمُّص بطحينة (ḥummuṣ bi ṭaḥīna) which means chickpeas with tahini.

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