Hunza (princely state)

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Coat of arms of Pakistan

Northern Areas Government[dead link]

Hunza (Urdu: ہنزہ) was a princely state in the northernmost part of the Northern Areas of Pakistan until 1974. The state was also known as Kanjut.[1] The state bordered the Gilgit Agency to the south, the former princely state of Nagar to the east, Chinese Turkistan to the north and Afghanistan to the northwest. The state capital was the town of Baltit (also known as Karimabad). The area of Hunza now forms the Aliabad tehsil of Hunza-Nagar District.

Contents

History

Hunza was an independent principality for centuries. It was ruled by the Mirs of Hunza, who took the title of Thum.

From 1847 the Mir of Hunza gave nominal allegiance to China. This resulted from assistance given by Mir Ghazanfur Khan to China in suppressing a rebellion in Yarkand, following which China granted Hunza a jagir in Yarkand and paid the Mir a subsidy.[2]

In the late 19th century Hunza became embroiled in the Great Game, the rivalry between Britain and Russia for control of the northern approaches to India. The British suspected Russian involvement "with the Rulers of the petty States on the northern boundary of Kashmir;"[3] In 1888 the Russian Captain Bronislav Grombchevsky visited Hunza,[4] and the following year the British Captain Francis Younghusband visited Hunza to express British displeasure at Kanjuti raids in the Raskam. In 1891 the British mounted the Hunza-Nagar Campaign and gained control of Hunza and the neighbouring valley of Nagar. The last independent ruler, Mir Safdar Khan, who ruled from 1886, escaped to China. His younger brother Mir Mohammad Nazim Khan was installed by the British as Mir in September 1892.[5]

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