Hyder, Alaska

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Hyder is a census-designated place (CDP) in Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 97.

Contents

Geography

Hyder is located at the head of the Portland Canal, a 115 km (70 mile) long fjord which forms a portion of the border between the U.S. and Canada at the southeastern edge of the Alaska Panhandle. Hyder is 3 kilometres (1.86 mi) from Stewart, British Columbia by road, and 120 kilometres (75 mi) from Ketchikan by air.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 14.8 square miles (38.4 km²), all of it land.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 97 people, 47 households, and 25 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 6.5 people per square mile (2.5/km²). There were 72 housing units at an average density of 4.9/sq mi (1.9/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 95.88% White, and 4.12% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.03% of the population.

There were 47 households out of which 19.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.1% were married couples living together, 2.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.7% were non-families. 40.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.81.

The age distribution was 18.6% under 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 16.5% from 25 to 44, 46.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 125.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 132.4 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $11,719, and the median income for a family was $30,500. Males had a median income of $56,250 versus $13,750 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $11,491. There were 44.4% of families and 54.1% of the population living below the poverty line, including 81.0% under 18, and 50.0% over 64.

History

The Nisga'a, who lived around the Nass River, called the head of Portland Canal "Skam-A-Kounst," meaning safe place, probably because it served them as a retreat from the harassment of the Haidas on the coast. They travelled in the area seasonally to pick berries and hunt birds.

The area around the Portland Canal was explored in 1896 by Captain D.D. Gaillard of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

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