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Anarchism is a political philosophy which considers the state undesirable, unnecessary and harmful, and instead promotes a stateless society, or anarchy.[16][17] It seeks to diminish or even abolish authority in the conduct of human relations.[18] For French anarchist historian Daniel Guerin "Some anarchists are more individualistic than social, some more social than individualistic. However, one cannot conceive of a libertarian who is not an individualist."[19]

Individualist anarchism

Individualist anarchism refers to several traditions of thought within the anarchist movement that emphasize the individual and his/her will over any kinds of external determinants such as groups, society, traditions, and ideological systems.[20][21] Individualist anarchism is not a single philosophy but refers to a group of individualistic philosophies that sometimes are in conflict. Important individualist anarchists include William Godwin, Max Stirner, Pierre Joseph Proudhon, Henry David Thoreau, Josiah Warren, Benjamin Tucker, Emile Armand and Han Ryner. It expanded through Europe and the United States. Benjamin R. Tucker, a famous 19th century individualist anarchist, held that "if the individual has the right to govern himself, all external government is tyranny."[22]

Philosophical individualism

Ethical egoism

Ethical egoism (also called simply egoism)[23] is the normative ethical position that moral agents ought to do what is in their own self-interest. It differs from psychological egoism, which claims that people do only act in their self-interest. Ethical egoism also differs from rational egoism, which holds merely that it is rational to act in one's self-interest. These doctrines may, though, be combined with ethical egoism.

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