Intergovernmental organization

related topics
{government, party, election}
{group, member, jewish}
{law, state, case}
{theory, work, human}
{country, population, people}

An intergovernmental organization, sometimes rendered as an international governmental organization and both abbreviated as IGO, is an organization composed primarily of sovereign states (referred to as member states), or of other intergovernmental organizations. Intergovernmental organizations are often called international organizations, although that term may also include international nongovernmental organization such as international non-profit organizations (NGOs) or multinational corporations.

Intergovernmental organizations are an important aspect of public international law. IGOs are established by treaty that acts as a charter creating the group. Treaties are formed when lawful representatives (governments) of several states go through a ratification process, providing the IGO with an international legal personality.

Intergovernmental organizations in a legal sense should be distinguished from simple groupings or coalitions of states, such as the G8 or the Quartet. Such groups or associations have not been founded by a constituent document and exist only as task groups.

Intergovernmental organizations must also be distinguished from treaties. Many treaties (such as the North American Free Trade Agreement, or the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade before the establishment of the World Trade Organization) do not establish an organization and instead rely purely on the parties for their administration becoming legally recognized as an ad hoc commission. Other treaties have established an administrative apparatus which was not deemed to have be granted international legal personality.

Contents

Types and purposes

Intergovernmental organizations differ in function, membership and membership criteria. They have various goals and scopes, often outlined in the treaty or charter. Some IGOs developed to fulfill a need for a neutral forum for debate or negotiation to resolve disputes. Others developed to carry out mutual interests in a unified form.

Full article ▸

related documents
Federalist Society
Orthodox Bahá'í Faith
Theodore Olson
Quango
Robert Lansing
Richard Helms
Pioneer movement
Lateran Treaty
Moral Majority
Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
German Workers' Party
Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution
United States Department of Education
Politics of Slovakia
Peyton Randolph
Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
European Youth Parliament
Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
United States Department of the Interior
International Maritime Organization
Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1873
New Federalism
Politics of Jersey
Transnational Radical Party
Jewish Theological Seminary of America
Client state
Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization
Rabbinical Assembly
United States Attorney General
Charter Oath