International Refugee Organization

related topics
{country, population, people}
{service, military, aircraft}
{war, force, army}
{group, member, jewish}
{law, state, case}

The International Refugee Organization (IRO) was founded on April 20, 1946 to deal with the massive refugee problem created by World War II. A Preparatory Commission began operations fourteen months previously. It was a United Nations specialized agency and took over many of the functions of the earlier United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration. In 1952, its operations ceased, and it was replaced by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

The Constitution of the International Refugee Organization, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on December 15, 1946, specified the agency's field of operations. Controversially, this defined "persons of German ethnic origin" who had been expelled, or were to be expelled from their countries of birth into the postwar Germany, as individuals who would "not be the concern of the Organization." This excluded from its purview a group that exceeded in number all the other European displaced persons put together. Also, because of disagreements between the Western allies and the Soviet Union, the IRO only worked in areas controlled by Western armies of occupation.

Eighteen countries acceeded to membership of the IRO: Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, the Dominican Republic, France, Guatemala, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the United States, and Venezuela. The U.S. provided about 40% of the IRO's $155 million annual budget. The organisation's first Director General was William Hallam Tuck, succeeded by J. Donald Kingsley on July 31, 1949.

External links

Filmography

  • The Search (Fred Zinnemann, 1948) : The IRO helped the producers to make this story about children refugees, in 1945 Germany.

Full article ▸

related documents
Military of Belize
Foreign relations of Guinea
List of supermarket chains
Demographics of Württemberg
Foreign relations of Burundi
Lebou
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe
Baol
Malaya
Survival International
Six Dynasties
17th century
Vardar Macedonia
Satsuma Province
Northern Canada
Zorn
Foreign relations of Andorra
Basutoland
Demographics of Serbia and Montenegro
List of Brazilian monarchs
Eusko Gudariak
Gandiaye
Military of Jamaica
Kamchatka Oblast
Sandy Woodward
Khuriya Muriya Islands
Tujia
Flag of Suriname
Foreign relations of Paraguay
History of the Czech lands