Iraqi National Congress

related topics
{war, force, army}
{government, party, election}
{service, military, aircraft}
{group, member, jewish}
{theory, work, human}
{film, series, show}
{law, state, case}
{country, population, people}
{town, population, incorporate}

The Iraqi National Congress (INC) is an umbrella Iraqi opposition group led by Ahmed Chalabi. It was formed with the aid and direction of the United States government following the Gulf War, for the purpose of fomenting the overthrow of Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.

Contents

History

INC was set up following the Persian Gulf War to coordinate the activities of various anti-Saddam groups. Then President George Bush signed a presidential finding directing the Central Intelligence Agency to create conditions for Hussein's removal in May 1991. Coordinating anti-Saddam groups was an important element of this strategy. The name INC was reportedly coined by public relations expert John Rendon (of the Rendon Group agency) and the group was funded by the United States. The group received millions in covert funding in the 1990s, and then about $8 million a year in overt funding after the passage of the Iraq Liberation Act in 1998. The deep involvement of the American CIA in the creation and early funding of the INC in its early years led many to consider the group a "creation of the CIA" rather than an organ of genuine Iraqi opposition.

INC represented the first major attempt by opponents of Saddam to join forces, bringing together Kurds, Sunni and Shi'ite Arabs (both Islamic fundamentalist and secular), as well as democrats, monarchists, nationalists and ex-military officers.[1] In June 1992, nearly 200 delegates from dozens of opposition groups met in Vienna, along with Iraq's two main Kurdish militias, the rival Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK). In October 1992, major Shi'ite groups, including the SCIRI and al-Dawa, came into the coalition and INC held a pivotal meeting in Kurdish-controlled northern Iraq, choosing a Leadership Council and a 26-member executive council. The leaders included monarchist Sharif Ali bin al-Hussein that called for the return of a Constitutional Monarchy for Iraq, moderate Shi'ite Muslim cleric Muhammad Bahr al-Ulum; ex-Iraqi general Hasan Naqib; and Masud Barzani. Ahmed Chalabi, a secular Shi'ite Iraqi-American and mathematician by training, became head of the group.

Full article ▸

related documents
Hamid Karzai
Walter Ulbricht
Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council
United Arab Republic
Patrice Lumumba
Congress of Vienna
History of Sweden
Finlandization
Fenian Brotherhood
İsmet İnönü
Porfirio Díaz
Thrasybulus
Babrak Karmal
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
Azad Kashmir
History of Guinea
History of Bavaria
1926 United Kingdom general strike
Alexander Haig
History of the Solomon Islands
Theramenes
History of Comoros
Konrad Adenauer
Declaration of Independence (Israel)
Fulgencio Batista
Truman Doctrine
Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr.
Clark Clifford
1968 Democratic National Convention
Dương Văn Minh