Irish House of Commons

related topics
{government, party, election}
{county, mile, population}
{language, word, form}
{borough, population, unit_pref}
{style, bgcolor, rowspan}

The Irish House of Commons was the lower house of the Parliament of Ireland, that existed from 1297 until 1800. The upper house was the House of Lords. The membership of the House of Commons was directly elected, but on a highly restrictive franchise: in counties forty shilling freeholders were enfranchised whilst in most boroughs it was either only the members of self electing corporations or a highly restricted body of freemen that were able to vote for the borough's representatives. Most notably, Roman Catholics were disqualified from sitting in the Irish parliament from 1691, even though they comprised the vast majority of the Irish population. From 1728 until 1793 they were also disfranchised. Most of the population of all religions had no vote.

The British-appointed Irish executive, under the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, was not answerable to the House of Commons but to the British government. However, the Chief Secretary for Ireland was usually a member of the Irish parliament. In the Commons, business was presided over by the Speaker who, in the absence of a government chosen from and answerable to the Commons, was the dominant political figure in the parliament. The House of Commons was abolished when the Irish parliament merged with its British counterpart in 1801 under the Act of Union.

Contents

Full article ▸

related documents
Secretary of State
Governor-General
United States presidential election, 1876
Politics of Sudan
Politics of Nepal
Fine Gael
Governor-General of the Irish Free State
Politics of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Politics of Malta
Dáil Éireann
Politics of Zimbabwe
Politics of Tanzania
Politics of Ethiopia
Politics of Pakistan
Greater London Council
Single non-transferable vote
United Kingdom general election, 1992
Politics of Kenya
Leszek Miller
Nomenklatura
President of the United States
Politics of Samoa
Politics of Bahrain
Politics of Austria
Politics of Bulgaria
Aneurin Bevan
Bob Dole
Politics of the Solomon Islands
National Alliance (Italy)
Vicente Fox