Islamic dietary laws provide direction on what is to be considered clean and unclean regarding diet and related issues.
Islamic jurisprudence specifies which foods are halāl (lawful) and which are harām (unlawful). This is derived from commandments found in the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam, as well as the Hadith and Sunnah, libraries cataloguing things Prophet Mohammed is reported to have said and done. Extensions of these rulings are issued, as fatwas, by Mujtahids, with varying degrees of strictness, but they are not always widely held to be authoritative. According to the Quran, the only foods explicitly forbidden are meat from animals that die of themselves, blood, the meat of pigs, and animals dedicated to other than God, but a person is not guilty of sin in a situation where the lack of any alternative creates an undesired necessity to consume that which is otherwise unlawful. (Quran 2:173)
A healthy diet is considered important in Islam. Some Muslim scholars consider excessive consumption a sin, citing the following verses in the Qur'an, which they interpret as supporting that position:
Prophet Mohammed is reported to have stated:
Food hygiene is an important part of Islamic dietary law.
Dhabīḥah (ذَبِيْحَة)is a prescribed method of ritual, animal slaughter, it does not apply to most aquatic animals. The animal must be slaughtered by a Muslim or by one of the People of the Book, generally speaking, a Christian or a Jew, while mentioning the name of God (Allah in Arabic). According to some fatwas, the animal must be slaughtered specifically by a Muslim, however, other fatwas dispute this, ruling that, according to verse 5:5 of the Qur'an, an animal properly slaughtered by People of the Book is halal. Thus, many Muslims will eat kosher meat. Other relevant verses in Qur'an include 2:173, 5:3, 5:5, 5:90, 6:118, 6:145, 16:115.
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