Islands of Indonesia

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This is a list of islands of Indonesian Archipelago. Indonesia comprises 17,508 - 18,306 islands and 8,844 that have been named according to estimates made by the Government of Indonesia, with 922 of those permanently inhabited.[1] Indonesian Archipelago is a part of Malay Archipelago. The country extends from adjacent the Malay Peninsula in its west and into Melanesia in its east. Management of the islands sometimes includes a regency which covers a small island chain.

According to a 2002 survey by National Institute of Aeronautics and Space (LAPAN), Indonesia has 18,306 islands. According to the CIA factbook there are 17,508 islands.[2] Counting tidal islands (periodically submerged) could be up to double the island figure (no precise figures); many islands have no name or share names, all of which makes tabulation very confusing even to the government of Indonesia. Exact figures should be considered merely "improved estimates" until a definitive study can be conducted.

Indonesian (or Malay) Archipelago is often referred to as the largest archipelago in the world, but this is meant by area and not by number of islands. This title aptly represents its 17,508 - 18,306 or so islands which span 5,400 kilometres (3,400 mi) eastward from Sabang in northern Sumatra to Merauke in Irian Jaya. If you superimpose a map of Indonesia over one of Eurasia, you will find that it stretches from Eastern France to Western China; compared to the United States, it covers the area from Eastern California to Bermuda.

On September 21, 2007, an 8.4 earthquake struck Sumatra near South Pagai Island, producing a cluster of six small new islands, and enlarging others by uplift.[3] A large portion of Indonesia is seismically active; the number, size, submergence and emergence and shape of islands continues to evolve.


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